people without food on madagascar. >> first there were the embarrassing disclosures from the former intelligence officer, edward snowden. then, the embarrassin embarrassa merkel phone tapping. barack obama is ordering a,. >> trying to get some answers. they've said that trust needs to be rebuilt. but in a few hours' time the director of national intelligence and the director of the nsa will face congressional
grilling. we will talk with our correspondent in washington after this story by bernard smith. this could be about to end. in an interview, president barack obama says that national security operations generally have one purpose: to make sure the american people are safe. but i'm initiating now a review to make sure what they're able to do doesn't necessarily mean what they should be doing. >> this has partly been prompted by reports in germany that president obama was briefed on the surveillance of chancellor angela merkel's phone in 2010. officials say that's not true and the white house only discovered surveillance in the summer and the bugging of merkel's phone soon after. the delegation that's visiting
is concerned about the surveillance of tens of millions of its citizens. calls in the country in the space of a month. >> we need to figure out why this kind of activity is happening and what kind of trust needs to be rebuilt. in the end we're fighting a battle in terms of security and we need to get that balance right. we're concerned too about security and we need to make that clear, and there's a balance that needs to be struck with citizens and very important trust needs to be rebuilt. >> germany is promising a summit to discuss spying. they might call chancellor merkel and even edward snowden, the nsa whistle blower who has been given asylum in russia.
tom ackerman, al jazeera. >> is it about what the president did or didn't know or who was spying on whom? >> well, both. let me tell you, the blow back, german intelligence officials are in washington to get the dimensions of the kind of spying conducted in the u.s. the question here when the president talks about a review, the white house tries to elaborate and to say, first of all, the white house spokesman says it's an across the board review. but then afersdz another spokesman qualified that, said whether, quote, we have the appropriate posture when it comes to heads of state, how we coordinate with our closest allies or partners and what further guiding principles or
constraints might be appropriate for our efforts. that should be included by the end of this year. it's not clear right now to what extent there will be any kind of pull back or a whole scale revision of this kind of revision of this kind of practice. >> are we going to hear too much when the most senior men in america's spying machine testify before this congressional committee? >> well, the reason that they're testifying is to discuss reforms to the intelligence community's surveillance practices within the united states or at least affecting u.s. citizens. not necessarily dealing with foreign citizens, especially not overseas. are there is a bipartisan effort both republicans and democrats, who want to see a significant pull back on the extent to which the national security agency is conducting surveillance, on
american citizens within the united states. specifically under the u.s. patriot act which was passed after 9/11, and the national intelligence directors, clapper, james clapper and alexander will be trying to describe to what degrees they have complied with the law. they insist and they just recently actually overnight released several declassified documents trying to show that they have been complied with the directives of the secret u.s. foreign surveillance intelligence court. and that in one instance, several instances where they did exceed the boundaries allowed by that court, that they pulled back, and subsequently, the court approved their methods. so again, this is -- this won't necessarily deal with the extent
with which american intelligence agencies are actually spying on foreign leaders. >> okay, tom ackerman, thank you very much, indeed. >> was it a simple car crash or a point to drive home a point by choinchinese ethnic minority? in china am teenen men square. reporting from hong kong. >> around the square normally subjected to tighter security, vehicles were being checked with the authorities wary of any repeat of monday's fatal incident. more than the 30 people who have been injured are recounting the crash and subsequent fire. many were chinese tourists who
were visited tienanmen square at the time. >> i thought the car was going to hit us so we hit the grund just then. >> it suddenly came towards us i moved to the side and it rushed past. >> also caught up in the rush, japanese tourists, visited from an official by the consulate. >> it seems the man has injured his hip and will undergo a detailed examination. he is conscious and was able to speak clearly to us so his injuries are not life threatening. >> as the authorities continue their investigation into the crash it's been reported by one news agency that police suspect this was a suicide attack. there's been no official confirmation of that but police have been reportedly looking for
two suspects from the siinjang province. robert leager, al jazeera, hong kong. uighurs? the religious cultural rights have been suppressed. but violent campaign for an independent state for violence and civic unrest. amateur video appears to show hostages shot last month, as the army fought an uprising.
>> the maker of this online video says it shows hostages in zembuanga, telling them not to shoot. nearby, carrying weapons are set more to be a national liberation front rebels. the military is said to have opened fire. some fall while others scamper for safety. >> jr is no stranger to armed conflict. now the very same fighters were the ones who held him o hostage. >> translator: we were so happy because we thought a cease fire had been declared. the mnlf were the first to fire. i was hit with shrapnel in the head. a student was shot in the arm.
another was shot in the president. >> the philippine government has questioned the authenticity of the video . they also have suggested it could be fake though they are taking the allegation seriously. >> it will be investigated. if there are cases that have to be filed, they will be filed. i should caution you it's a bit so far a bit of propaganda. the fact is that they brought about the crisis in minut minda. >> who is responsible for the death of many civilians? over 200 people have been killed. mnlf fighters took over 200 civilians hostage. they demanded to ar be able to
hoist their flag. thousands of military troops surged in. the city became a battle field. still, junior says he doesn't blame anyone. he has come to accept that to survive he only has himself to rely on. al jazeera southern philippines. >> philippine military general general ramon zagala says, the safety of the citizens were the concern. >> we never fired at them. we were firing at sniper positions of the enemy. they are the ones firing at the time troops of the afp and you can see they are firing a bazooka and the muzzle of that bazooka is aimed at the civilians.
our mission, the mission given to us by president aquino is only two things. we were able to rescue 195 hostages. unfortunately 12 were killed, four due to -- still we're not so sure if it's related to the bombing of a bus in northern zimbuanga. >> reject an appeal, decision means bagba will stay in custody until the start of his trial. he is accused of violence when he refused to accept defeat. the judges in the trial of egypt's muslim brotherhood leaders has resigned. two deputies are accused of insighting violence in june and the deposed president mohamed
morsi is accused of rejecting the court. let's go to dominic kane. what can you tell us about those? >> the presiding judge in the trial of the three leading members of the muslim brotherhood, presiding over the cases, the situation, back to the fact that they were -- the three were supposed to have been brought today for a hearing in that trial. it's the second time that this has not been possible and there are those that said the security situation has prevented those three men from being brought to court. the court is very close to tahrir square. sut an emotive location might have caused the judge has effectively said this is not good enough and that the defendants need to be able to come back to court.
insofar as the ousted former president mohamed morsi has said, he doesn't recognize the court that's going to try minimum next wednesday, he hasn't been appointed counsel and he doesn't recognize it at all. there will be a team of 25 lawyers who have observed what happened from a defense point of view but they are not an official defense, they don't representative him and that of course will take place on monday. >> the reported problems that one or a number of cairo's universities, is this any different than the protest from those we have seen that tend to support mohamed morsi for the last few weeks or is it something more serious? >> what we understand is that several hundred students from cairo university left their classes, left the campus and marched to nasly square.
the authorities fired shots in the air and tear gas. that's a pattern we've seen in recent weeks. we don't have any report of casualties as things stand. and it's difficult to say there's more than the normal we've seen in the last several weeks. >> don nick kane in cairo. the u.s. envoy or the cairo has met in damascus. so far he's failed to convince rebel factions fighting the assad regime to come to the negotiations. >> we are preparing for the geneva 2 conference. it will be the srn parties not me that will decide what follows the transitional period.
>> islam ick groups say they have taken care of jaobao in aleppo province. other things coming out for you on the news hour, a study by a university professor that sees rape through the eyes of a serial rapist. >> swarms of locusts have eaten crops in madagascar and the plan to kill them. the boston red sox are often the verge of -- on the verge of winnerring the world series and we'll tell you how they did it a bit later. on the border between sudan and south sudan, people in abea are voting on the last day of an unofficial referendum.
they are deciding whether they belong to one or the other, south sudan or sudan. the oil rich area of abea, government says they won't recognize the result of the poll. the referendum risks another war according to them. our correspondent peter gress is outside. strong words from the african union, peter, what do you make of them? >> i don't believe they are overstating their case here. this remains a very volatile area indeed. it is not just the oil that is at stake here, it is incredibly rich grasslands. and one of the communities that has laid claim to this is a nomadic tribe that moves from sudan into this region every year. they spend up to six months a year here and it's according to economists that the cattle trade that results from that is worth
perhaps as much if not more than the oil resources that leave this region. it is a very valuable region but culturally politically it's a rich area. the dinka lay claim to ownership of this land if you like. they both say they're responsible for deciding which way it may go. but the dinka are involved in the polybecause they say the other side doesn't have the right to decide which way it would go. >> the possible are way could it go the misrea, nothing changes because this referendum is not binding on anybody. so what difference might it make? >> well, there are a couple of points. i don't think we're likely to see conflict in the short term. what's possibly likely to happen
is when the misrea bring their cattle in the next couple of months the referendum might be tested. the question is whether that shuts the misrea out or whether they're allowed to come in . in terms of what this means in the greater scheme of things, everyone here acknowledges that no one recognizes the vote. but everyone you talk to say this is not the point. this is about the self determination of the community, whether khartoum recognizes it or not, they will have to, somewhere town the track, governments will have to accept the reality of the situation here. >> well, we thank you very much indeed, peter greste .
>> an so far at least 15 people have died and hundreds have been wounded. the bangladesh nationalist party wants a care taker to oversee the general election due in january. a u.s. study has found that serial rapists are responsible for nearly 9 out of 10 rapes on university campuses. researchers behind the reports said they met many men eager to brag about their crimes. chris bury reports on the incidents of rape. >> ooccidental campus in new york. >> i ended up walking back to
his place with him. once we were there he rairpd me. >> this -- raped me. >> this woman now a junior says she was raped in mer first year -- her first year. her outrage grew after she learned the college disciplined the offender for his first offense. >> he wasn't suspended or expelled? >> no. >> three or four women coming forward and alleging that the same man has sexually assaulted or raped them. >> carolyn heldman has been teaching with occidental for four years. activists for sexual assault victims. >> i have been here at occi for four years.
i have counseled women who were sexually assaulted, battered. >> the overwhelming rapes on college campuses have been committed by serial offenders. david travels country teaching law enforcement about sexual assault. >> over 90% are being perpetrated by serial offenders and those serial offenders were prolific. the average number of offenses were six. >> serial rapists. >> serial, yes. >> lesack asked nearly 200 students about their sex lives. 6% of the men described their
sexual encounters with legal description of rape. using force or alcohol. of that grup a majority had assaulted multiple women. chris bury, al jazeera, los angeles. >> here's the weather, richard anguin. >> thanks richard the atlantic hurricane season is relatively mild, for a while it looked like the pacific was also. now six, and there could be another system beginning to form. so to move in we'll take a look at it. it's to the east of the philippines at the moment. very disorganized. you ceant see an eye -- you can't see an eye wall. to some extent it is a bit of a mess. it is then going to move west
wards towards northern parts of the phi philippines. as it goes across the philippines it will still be a tropical storm but it will gain speed as it goes across the south china see. as it hits hainan it will have hurricane force winds. sustained winds of 120 kph and some very heavy rain moving in which will well cause some localized flooding. david. >> in kenya two soldiers have been arrested for looting. 67 people died during the four-day siege at the westgate shopping center in nairobi. the worst locust playing in 60 years has infested about half
of the african island of madagascar. gone through the island destroying crops and left 4 million people hungry. tanya paige is there. >> these farmers were left helpless when the swarm of locusts arrived. the locusts ate the food for bulls which are now too weak to plow so everything needs to be done by hand. >> the locusts flew silently. we were very surprised. they flew in a huge cloud and blocked the sun. >> at the height of the infestation, the swarms covered 70% of madagascar. this year's harvest is down 21%.
the food and agriculture association say a third of rural households are hungry, with more malligasis at risk officials are helpless too. >> translator: all the conditions were ripe for locust to swarm. and at the same time, our political, social and economic cries, the coordination center didn't have any money so the below cuss grew out of -- low -- locusts grew out of control. >> madagascar needs to raise a quarter of the $41 million for the plan. this is the best time of year to start the eradication program because the insects are on the
to decide whether they want to be part of sudan or south sudan. in author of the spy catcher espionage series for more on in. this is what spice do, they spy on people. do you think this is a fuss about nothing? >> well, it is what spice do. some of the countries have got quite indignant about the accusations that america's spying on them. of course they, the themselves,. this is what spice do. obviously -- spies do. we need to understand how comprehensive the activities of the nsa are but personally i think this is quite normal. >> spain, germany, italy, france
but not britain. and there's a reason why not britain. this is quite interesting. tell us about this. >> well, britain's part of what's called the five i's agreement, between britain america canada australia and new zealand. those countries have agreed to share quite comprehensive intelligence on each other and in turn not to spy with each other. that agreement, that pact is very clear, of course. countries that are not part of that pact that's where it gets into quite a gray area. >> would germany have been asked to join this pact and said no and the u.s. reckons it's fair game? >> germany is not part of that pact. america can rightly say, quite rightly, we have the right to know what germany's doing. its intent and policies towards us and as a result we will spy
on you. >> i used the words inconvenient, uncomfortable. there's another word i'd like to throw in there ask for your opinion on, the word damaging. not just what it might mean for the president of the united states but damaging in keeping the world safe, what do you think? >> it's interesting looking out how this news is developing. in my opinion president obama should have known that for example, angela merkel, her phone was being tapped by the nsa. very typically with very sensitive intelligence operations, those operations are signed off by the most senior people in the country. the state leaders. so either obama knew about this or he didn't. and if he didn't, of course, then that means the question about his oversight of the nsa. >> and i think we're unlikely to find out when the two big american spy catchers go before congress, any more about that. let me ask you this one thing. does this mean america thinks
it's more important when it comes to keeping its people safe or other countries around the world or are they just as protective of their data and just as likely as to be spying on other people as well? >> other countries have national self interest and it would be that element within their opportunities. they saw some extremely serious threats, threats from terrorism, rogue states, wars, proliferation, major organized crime. and they work extremely closely with other intelligence -- >> i'm going ohave to say no at that point. unfortunately, our bugging of your skype hasn't worked as well as we like. we heard most of what you had to say. thank you for being here.
a dancer from the area, on the ship's bridge of the costa concordia was on the ship's brimming. hamid karzai and sharif are meeting in london. the relationship between the two neighbors have been strained. we'll have information on the conference in london but jennifer glasse takes a look at the situation. >> neighbor is playing a dangerous game. interfering to make afghanistan unstable and still supporting the taliban. >> you're saying but in actions you're not doing whatever you are saying.
the action isn't important, not the real thing. >> in august afghan officials had high hopes new pakistan i prime minister nawaz, karzai is expected to ask about mulla baradar, second in command. he was apparently released last month but apparently still under tight pakistan pakistani superv. >> the relationship has been lukewarm if not warm. the center of the issue is the role of pakistan's military, whether that has changed or not remains to be seen. >> karzai will also ask for pakistan's help to fight rebel groups. karzai can't run in those elections. throughout his 12 years of power
he has said there can be no peace in afghanistan without pakistan. it's unclear if he can go without pakistan to deliver that peace. jennifer glasse. >> simon mcgregor wood, are we expected to hear very much? >> well, i'm not sure that we're going ohear many bold proclamations at the ambitions of this little mini summit. it is the fourth time this trilateral grouping have come together. the last time was at february at the prime minister's country retreat at checkers. a very ambitious six month peace plan was tabled there. once bitten twice shy, they're going to keep expectations low level. as jennifer said in her package just a minute ago, the afghans
have grave suspicions of what the pakistanis are up to. controlling the level of taliban violence inside afghanistan cpg undermining to combat that violence. what the president hamid karzai will ask is for the pakistanis to get on board to recruit and develop them into a meaningful peace process. what does he specifically wants? he wants the pakistanis to release afghan leaders who say they want to talk peace with the government. chief is mulla baradei the pakistanis had him in detention until september, they said they released him. the afghans want the pakistanis
to release him. that is one of the specific things that the afghan president wants to achieve. >> simon mcgregor wood, thank you. u.s. drone strikes and in pakistan, therefore, a teacher and a schoolchildren from pakistan are about to become the first drone survives to talk about what actually happened. about 370 cia drone strikes have taken place in pakistan in the last nine years. it says the attacks have killed up to 3600 pakistanis and injured as many as 1500. among the thousands killed, a grandmother from waziristan . kim ber le hellcutt.
>> the memories are still vivid. >> i saw these two bright lights fall from the sky and hit where my grandmother was standing. then everything became dark, and i didn't know what to do. but i just wanted to run away because i was just so scared. and i looked at my hand and there was blood coming out of my hand. >> it was as if day became night. it became dark all of a sudden. and where my grand mother was, i heard she was blown to pieces. >> she was picking okra when this happened. her body was never found, all left was fragments. the family has never been told why the 67-year-old midwife was targeted. >> i received information that what had happened was sad, we
were innocent. nothing else came from this letter, this indeed was an american drone strike. >> they're not the only victims. despite u.s. claims that its drone program targets only al qaeda and taliban operatives, at least 19 civilians in north waziristaan have been killed since january 2012. >> there is a process that goes into how these locations are chosen. we try to take caution when we decide on these locations. >> they have traveled to washington to share their story with u.s. lawmakers. it marks the first time in history members of congress will hear from drone survivors. >> why do you want to come to washington and speak to the
politicians on capitol hill? >> i have seen obama with conviction on the screen. he will use drones on anyone who wants to cause harm to america. the reason i have come to america with my children is to share my story, to share the truth. >> i want justice. i don't know what to make of what happened to my family. second thing i want to emphasize is these drones should come to an end. >> put pressure to the u.s. government to reevaluate its killing program so others aren't devastated by military drones. kimberly hellcutt, al jazeera, afghanistan. crew fled leaving behind 45 packages of the drug.
in paraguay protesters are trying to stop the privatization of services such as electricity and road tolls. president eracio cartez has approved but voters haven't given him the final go-ahead to bring in the law. crowd blamed police for the death of the 17-year-old who was shot in the chest, police in soo paulo say it was an accident . coming up. we report on the winter olympics.
>> israel is expected to release 26 palestinian prisoners, expected to release 104 prisoners that have been detained for years. 26 were released earlier in the year. >> it's the language of the occupation. and ismat mansud is speaking the next generation of palestinians how to speak it. has only been out for two months. >> translator: there is no better feeling but it's very hard to integrate. there's all this technology now that we didn't have then. >> this man was convictof killing an israeli settler along
with other palestinians he was 16 years old. now a free man at 36, he was prart of the first patch of brings -- part of prisoners to be released. the second batch will be released on tuesday. 26 men will be freed from prison before turning home. many are outraged calling these men terrorists who should remain behind bars but here they will be received as heros giving away large parts of their lives for revolution. >> it gives credibility to some degree to the peace process, even if there is little credibility from the israeli side towards building a just peace with the palestinians. is. >> ismat said he has no regrets and it was his duty to educate
his people. the only way to resist and maintain his dignity. now he says he wants to make use of what he learned in prison and pass it on. >> through teaching hebrew i empower the children so it can understand the mentality of the israelis and gain self confidence. >> after 20 years inside he's come out to a divided palestinian leadership, ever growing israeli settlements and a disillusioned people. stephanie decker in an occupied west bank. three decades after the fall of the kmir rouge, the former ruling party was responsible for one of the worst mass killings of the 20th century. florence louie reports now from nophonpen.
>> she watched them die from disease and hunger. after soldiers forced them and millions of others to march to the country side in an attempt to create an agricultural utopia. >> they didn't kill us. they left us in the jungle to die. >> to this day, the memories haunt her. prayers offer her some comfort. but she says she's still unable to sleep and relies on antianxiety medicine. she could be one of the undiagnosed victims of the kmer rouge. >> fear and avoidance that many cambodians who have gone through the kmer rouge. >> psychologists can say that domestic violence can be linked
to mental health problems. trauma can trickle down to the next generation and some fear that it may become unwith itin g victims. >> the government claims it will train more are mental healthy specialists but it amounts to 0.01% of its budget. psychosocial organization sometimes step in to fill void. counseling sessions can help to ease the symptoms but survivors sometimes still find it difficult to tell their stories. >> when i'm not here i feel like i'm hurting inside. seven of my family members were killed or died under the reign of the kmer rouge . >> her visits are not as
frequent here and she's not as dependent on sleeping pills but she like others who survived the kmer rouge are still prisoned by their past. boston red sox lead the series 3-2. david ortiz put the red sox ahead, striking out seven without a walk, boston went on to win 3-1. the series now goes back to fenway park for game 6 on wednesday. al jazeera's jessica taff has all the reaction from st. louis. >> what has been a world series for the ages, the boston red sox take two of three behind the
hitting of david ortiz and john lester who has now beaten the cardinals twice in this series. >> particularly the second half and what he's doing on his own career wise postseason this was a big game. for him to go out and pitch like he did against a top flight starter wayn wainwright, we were to break through a little bit in that seventh inning but john lester was outstanding. >> i expect a lot of high things from myself as do my teammates. the big thing is when you go out the middle of the season you don't want to let those guys down and we are all trying to pull on the same rope and get one common goal. and that's what makes this team pretty special. >> game 6 of the world series moves back to boston.
he won in three sets. the croatian. >> the feeling was amazing just to be back on the court just to be competing and i enjoyed every moment on the court and i was just -- my thoughts were just on the things that how much i'm enjoying and how i'm happy to be back on the court. >> now it's an event that can trace its origination back to the ancient olympics more than 2,000 years ago. but in recent years modern pentathalon has had to fight to stay part of the olympics. >> it maze be called the modern pentathalon but this has been part of the olympics since 1912.
comprises five different disciplines and even trace its origination to 708 b.c. baron pierre de cubetan you have fencing shooting horse jumpings swimming and running. but the question is, does a sport designed in the 19th century have any reserves to the 21st? >> i'm an artist in my sport, i tried go with the media with the interests of young people so we changed a lot. let's go for the new technology, laser shooting, environmentally safe shooting. so this was another big step and then the combination of shoot and one like we have in winter,
another exciting moment. >> how important is it for the sport that you continue to have olympic recognition? >> we are not a mass sport but an elite sport. if you are not in this box of olympic under the olympic rings it would be very difficult to convince the governments to support you. >> this event, the champion of champions brought together the top talent in the sports. frenchman christophe patte winning the overall title. >> this is very nice, this day is my day today. fencing, fencing is good, after that it's easy for me. >> so with its olympic status assured the french bosses say its priorities would be raising this no. it moves to rio in
2016. madison square gardner, canadians who shut out new york, peter buja. 100 days to go until the opening ceremony of the winter olympics in sachi. making these the most expensive olympics in history the stadium where the olympics have been held is far from ready. russian president vladimir putin has had to redirect attention for his positions of gays in the country.
lindsay vonn is confident she will be back to defend her title in sachi in february. >> he helped me through this process, helped me to be patient. i'm not good at him sitting still and not good at him being patient. he definitely, that is one of his strong suits. he helped me through it and he told me that everything is going to be okay on the end. and in the end and i trusted him and he was right. >> and there's far more on sports on our website, check out aljazeera.com/sport and how to get in touch with our team using twitter and facebook. >> thank you, very much indeed, more sports from the team a little bit later on. from me and the rest of the news hour team, that's it for now. i'll be back with another half hour of news from al jazeera in
>> this is are al jazeera america live from new york city. i'm del walters. supper storm sandy killed at least 182 people in the united states and canada. pakistani victims of drone strikes will be talking to congress about theirs ordeals. both president obama and congress speaking about limiting the nsa's powers.